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|Types of SSL Certificates / Commonly known SSL Certificates ?|
Using SSL certificates became almost a standard, as more and more organizations
commit to secure their connections with SSL certificates. Also, applications are
more and more each day. Let?s see some short examples:
There are now 3 important variations of commonly known and often used SSL certificates
1. EV SSL Certificates (Extended validation)
The company is analyzed with deep consideration, the Certification Authority looks up to see if the company in case has proper rights to own the domain name. Extended Validation has a clear description to present how a certificate is verified and validated. This process includes:
2. OV SSL Certificates (Organization validation)
The institution or entity is being tested by the CA (Certification Authority) to see if holds the rights of the used domain and makes it available for site visitors to check who is behind the entity, who operates it.
3. DV SSL Certificates (Domain validation)
with this certification only the domain usage rights are checked, while no further information is supplied to the client.
|What is SSL Certificate?|
| SSL certificates, with the
help of cryptography, secure your data, data which is sent from your browser to
a 3rd party server. HTTPS connections are used when connected securely with SSL
certificates. Online shopping, files transfer, login data from login form,
social network information are all secured nowadays with SSL certificates so
that identity theft loses chances in front of everyday users. Certificates are
generally linked to organizations. Every SSL certificate involves:
These certificates need to be setup on server side, so that when this server is accessed by any client, the browser on the client machine knows it is a secure connection and then it can use the HTTPS protocol. Secure connections include secure data transfer, meaning some indicators or guides shown so that you?ll know what is happening. First if all, the address of the page will not begin like http://www ?. But will begin like https://www. or similar. Also, most browsers change the color of the address bar as well as they put out an icon or smaller graphic/animation to show a closed lock or another symbol to represent your security.
With Extended Validation SSL a company or organization can share its identity and make it appear on the address bar of your browser. Also, as the browser gets the certificate, you can view the information from that certificate. Browsers are all a bit different, but all allow you to view and be informed.
|What is SSL?|
|SSL comes from
Secure Sockets Layer – associated with the Transport Layer Security – nowadays
has a wide application. This optimized protocol secures connection channels
between computers, interconnected through the web or locally. As we know, simply
connecting to a website comes with risks as by default it provides no real
protection, but with SSL basically any web browser can get a secure connection
to a 3rd party server (remote machine).
By using SSL one does not have to be a professional in IT, as getting the secure connection is what a browser is need to handle. Generally all web browsers will send you a sign of being securely connected with SSL by changing the address bar color or displaying some additional notification or icon. While in the background of SSL a lot of technical features are implemented, as an average user you won?t feel the technical side, so anyone can easily benefit from the usage of SSL.
Probably you noticed not all websites connect with HTTP but some connect with HTTPS. That S comes from security and instead of standard port 80 another secure port, 443 is connected. Simple HTTP would work just fine if there weren?t any web attacks. Your personal bank accounts information and all the other things you really care about can be exposed to an attacker so using HTTPS will protect you from probably losing everything with a simple browsing session. How that is done? Cryptography solves everything.
Let?s check the usages of SSL in modern techniques:
The above mentioned usages have many important common features: